CLAT UG/PG Exam Highlights

Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) is a centralized test for admission to 21 National Law Universities in India. 43 other education institutes and two public sector institutes are also eligible to use these scores.The test is taken after the Higher Secondary Examination or the 12th grade for admission to integrated under-graduation programs in Law and after Graduation in Law for Master of Laws (LL.M) programs  conducted by these law universities. The two-hour admission test consists of objective type covering questions on Elementary Mathematics or Numerical Ability, English with Comprehension, General knowledge and Current affairs, Legal Aptitude and Legal Awareness and Logical reasoning.

Exam Notification

CLAT is held by the Consortium of National Law Universities headed by NLSIU. It ​releases its official notification for law admission every year. The notification contains all related information such as number of seats, syllabus and exam pattern. Thus, it is always beneficial to read over the official notification properly.

Exam Pattern

CLAT is a test of one’s aptitude and reasoning abilities. It comprises of five sections namely:

  • Verbal Ability
  • Quantitative Aptitude
  • Logical Reasoning
  • General Knowledge
  • Legal Aptitude

Each question carries 1 mark and for every incorrect attempt, 0.25 marks will be deducted.

Subject/Section Topic
English Language
28-32 (20% of the paper)
Quantitative Aptitude
13-17 (10% of the paper)
Logical Reasoning
28-32 (20% of the paper)
General Awareness
35-39 (25% of the paper)
Legal Aptitude
35-39 (25% of the paper)
Total Marks
Total Time (min)
Negative Marking
0.25 marks for each wrong answer

CLAT UG/PG Qualification

Candidates should have completed their law degree with at least 55% marks if belonging to General/ other Backward Class (OBC)/ Specially able person categories and at least 50% marks if belonging to Scheduled Class (SC)/ Scheduled Tribe (ST) categories.

Candidates can apply for CLAT even if they are in the final year of their graduation degree. However, they should submit the proof of qualifying the final examination and completing graduation degree at the time of admission formalities.

Age Limit

There is no upper age limit to appear for CLAT exam.

APO Exam Syllabus

English Language

Vocabulary, Sentence Analysis, Noun & Pronoun Errors, Subject-Verb Agreement & Tenses, verbal and critical reasoning, Logical Consistency, Modifiers & Parallelism, Prepositions and Conjunctions, Idioms & Phrases etc.

Quantitative Aptitude

Numbers, BODMAS, Cyclicity, HCF & LCM, Averages and Percentages, Roots, Indices, Surds, Simple & Compound Interest, Profit & Loss, Ratio & Proportion, Partnership, Mixtures & Alligations, Algebraic Formulae, Linear & Quadratic Equations, Time, Speed & Distance, Work Related Problems, Pipes & Cisterns, Geometry: Lines, Angles & Triangles, Polygons, Circles & Mensuration, Permutations & Combinations, Probability, Data Interpretation.

Logical Reasoning

Coding & Decoding, Analogies, Odd One Out, Family Tree & Directions, Arrangements: Linear/Circular/Matrix, Groups & Conditionality, Logical Series, Selection Criteria, Sequential I/P – O/P Tracing, Symbol Based Logic, Logical Puzzles, Syllogisms, strong & weak arguments, Critical Reasoning, Cause effects, Implicit Assumptions, Inferences, statement conclusions etc.

General Awareness

Indian History, World History, Current Affairs, Indian Geography World Geography, Indian Constitution, Indian & World Economy, Banking & Financial Institutions, National Insignia, International News, Science, Computers, Sports and Movies, Prizes, Awards and Honors, Personalities, Literature and Media, Days and Dates etc.

Legal Aptitude

Law of Tort, Fundamentals of Law of Contract ,Basics of Criminal Law, Basics of Constitutional Law, Family Law, Procedural Law, Property Law & Intellectual Property Law.


Educational Qualification for five-year Integrated courses

Passed 10+2 or equivalent examination with the minimum of-

  • Forty-five percent (45%) marks in case of candidates belonging to Unreserved/OBC/SAP categories.
  • Forty percent (40%) marks in case of candidates belonging to SC/ST Category.

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